Day 2 :
United States International University, Africa
Keynote: Domestic violence advisory system
Kassim Sharifa Omar is student at Department of Computing from United States International University-Africa, Nairobi, Kenya.
This paper explores the underlying issue in our society that is never given the full attention it so requires; Domestic violence, and a possible solution that is going to help those who find themselves in this horrible situation. Kenya reflects the worldwide statistics in that women are the overwhelming majority of these victims. In some extreme cases, men also fall victim to domestic violence and children end up being caught in the middle. One in a hundred people tend to be either in these situations themselves or know someone who has been in one. However, speaking about it or acting on it is often looked down upon and not encouraged in our society. Why? “Because it’s a shame! It’s a shame to talk about things that you are going through in your own house. Who airs their dirty laundry to the public? That is unheard of. Deal with your problems and as a woman, you should do as your husband says or you will have to face the consequences”. These are some of the reasons why victims of domestic violence prefer not to speak up. Fear of being stigmatized or viewed as a shame to the society hinders them from experiencing the love, support and freedom they deserve. Therefore we found ways in which using an online platform where the users will seek help. They will have confidentiality, all while sharing their problems. They will be guided on how to take measures and if possible, leave the abusive relationship or partnership or marriage. They will also be able to attend trainings such as counselling and other activities to help them go back to their right state of mind because often, they are broken and they need someone to confide in. After conducting a survey using a questionnaire, the results obtained gave us exactly what we need regarding providing help to domestic violence victims. Some of the challenges encountered by the victims are such as the existing systems generalizing the users, not being cost efficient, lack of one-on-one conversations, lack of anonymity and use of technical terms that are not understandable to the users. Domestic violence is an issue that has been swept under the rag for a very long time. The victims are often blamed for what happens to them. Therefore, not many of them prefer to speak up and confide in anyone because of the fear of being shamed. In some societies, domestic violence victims are considered a disgrace to the society. On the bright side, now they have an online platform where they can expressions themselves freely free of humiliation and embarrassment.
Pavlov First State Medical University of St. Petersburg, Russia
Paul B Ionov has Graduated from the Academician I.P. Pavlov First Saint-Petersburg State Medical University of the Ministry of Healthcare of Russian Federation, the Faculty of Dentistry in 2014. Currently, he is pursuing his Post-graduate from the Department of General Hygiene with Ecology of the same university. He has five publications from the reputed journals.
Occupation of a dentist is accompanied with professional stress that can lead to burnout syndrome (BS). The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of BS in pediatric dentists working in state dental polyclinics. Burnout was assessed with Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI). Data were analyzed using ANOVA and chi-squared test. In total, 71 pediatric dentists working in five state dental polyclinics of St. Petersburg were included in the study (79% females, mean age 51.8 years±11.34, the mean work experience – 16 years). According to specialization the distribution was as follows: pediatric dentists (therapists), n=46; orthodontists, n=15; dental surgeons, n=10. The above subgroups did not differ by age and gender (p>0.05). The majority of subjects (97.2%) had high level of depersonalization and emotional exhaustion. The level of reduction of personal accomplishment was moderate in 62%, low – in 28%, and high – in 10% of dentists. BS was pronounced in 7% subjects; 90% exhibited scores related to BS, and only 3% had no signs of BS. The level of depersonalization and emotional exhaustion was higher in orthodontists and dental surgeons than in pediatric dentists (р<0.05); the level of reduction of personal accomplishment was similar in the subgroups. The majority of pediatric dentists working in state dental polyclinics reported symptoms related to BS. The level of depersonalization and emotional exhaustion was higher in orthodontists and surgeons than in pediatric dentists. The data obtained emphasize the necessity for prophylactic measures of BS among pediatric dentists.